The Quran (c. 632)

All links verified on or after March 17, 2017
Muslims will often call translations of the Quran into other languages "commentaries" or something similar. Only the Arabic text is considered to be the word of Allah. For more on this topic, visit the Translation: Tried & True? page at Islamic Civilization.

The Quran (Koran) (completed 632 AD) [HC]
  • Various languages and formats (Arabic, English, Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Turkish, and many others) at

    Available at Amazon.Com:
  • Library Binding edition, translated by Dr. Rashad Khalifa (Universal Unity, 2000, 800 pg).
  • Hardcover edition, translated by Marmaduke Pickthall (Knopf, 1993).
  • English/Arabic Paperback edition, translated by Abdullah Yusuf Ali (Kazi Publications, 1995, 1039 pg).
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(The Yoga Sutras) (c. 150 BC)
Cicero (106-43 BC)
Julius Caesar (100-44 BC)
Titus Lucretius Carus (c. 95-55 BC)
Virgil (70-19 BC)
Horace (65-8 BC)
Livy (59 BC-AD 17)
Ovid (43 BC-AD 17)
St. Clement of Rome (c. 30?-100?)
Josephus (c. 38-100)
Plutarch (c. 45-120)
(New Testament) (c. 45?-95?)
St. Ignatius of Antioch (c. 50?-116)
Tacitus (c. 55-117)
Epictetus (c. 60-120)
Nicomachus of Gerasa (c. 60?-120?)
(The Didache) (c. 100)
(The Shepherd of Hermas) (c. 100)
St. Justin Martyr (c. 100-165)
Ptolemy (c. 100-178)
Lucian (c. 115-180)
Marcus Aurelius (121-180)
St. Irenaeus of Lyons (c. 125-202)
Galen (129 - c. 210)
Tertullian (c. 155?-230?)
Plotinus (205-270)
Eusebius of Caesarea (c. 265-339)
St. Athanasius (c. 297-373)
St. John Chrysostom (c. 347-407)
St. Augustine of Hippo (354-430)
St. Benedict (c. 480-540)
(The Quran) (c. 632)
(Beowulf) (c. 725)
(Tales from the 1001 Nights) (c. 850?)
(The Destruction of Dá Derga's Hostel) (c. 900?; mss. c. 1100)
Hakim Abol Qasem Ferdowsi Tousi (940-1020)
Murasaki Shikibu (c. 973-1014?/1025?)

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